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For this assignment, post at least 5 annotations which engage with the material

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For this assignment, post at least 5 annotations which engage with the material and 2 meaningful questions, all of which must be directly related to the prompt (see below prompt for each READING). Write in complete sentences. You are free to annotate more but there must be at least 5 annotations and 2 questions directly related to the prompt.Make sure you annotate the whole paper (not just one section of that paper, evenly distribute the annotations). Points will be deducted if all of your annotations are in just one section.
READING 1 PROMPT-Gerber (2020) Download Gerber (2020)provides a way of thinking about hazards governance in practical terms of how communities collectively make decisions over the production of public goods, including efforts at risk reduction and resilience capacity promotion.
In your view, what is most helpful about Gerber’s (2020) attempt to define and explain the idea of governance?
According to Gerber (2020) what is critical to understanding how key public goods are produced?
READING 2 PROMPT-Tierney (2012) Download Tierney (2012) offers a comprehensive assessment of the knowledge base on disaster governance in 2012.
How does Tierney (2012) define governance in the context of hazards and disasters?
How do scale, networks, and capabilities affect disaster governance and governance regimes according to Tierney (2012)?
Would you say that Tierney (2012) is are over-stating or under-stating the challenges for governing disasters and risk reduction?
READING 3 PROMPT-While Tierney (2012) offers a fairly neutral assessment, Ahrens and Rudolph (2006) Download Ahrens and Rudolph (2006)discuss governance in a less flattering light: they argue that poor institutional arrangements and poor governance lead to ineffective risk reduction and poor disaster management.
How do you assess the Ahrens and Rudolph argument – including how they think bad governance can be overcome?
Would you say they are over-stating or under-stating the challenges for governing disasters and risk reduction?
Does what Tierney (2012) have to say about hazards governance suggest the Ahrens and Rudolph (2006) argument is fairly accurate or inaccurate — and why?
READING 4 PROMPT-FEMA (2019) Download FEMA (2019)argues that preparedness for disasters or other key disruptions is fundamentally a local matter — and needs to occur from the “bottom up” as opposed to the “top down.”
Why is this report is making this claim?
How can building a culture of preparedness in a community be understood as a governance issue?
Do you think the idea that “culture brokers” might help produce greater preparedness and better hazards management in communities is a plausible one?
READING 5 PROMPT-CRS (2020) provides an overview of federalism, federal disaster declarations, and federal and non-federal disaster assistance. Many students in this course have direct experience in first response, emergency management, military service, or other experiences relevant to thinking about disaster management in the U.S. As you read thorough this overview or “primer” document, please comment on
What do you see as strengths or weaknesses in federal or state processes in terms of how well the Stafford Act facilitates effective response or recovery?
How effective is the collaboration between non-governmental actors with federal or state or local government agencies in response and recovery?
Do you think disaster assistance programs work well in practice?

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